Felsenkeller 5MV underground ion accelerator

Plauenscher Grund with Felsenkeller Area, Copyright: Dr. Georg Rugel (adm. PD Dr. Daniel Bemmerer)
The “Felsenkeller” former brewery in Dresden, Plauenscher Grund, home to the Felsenkeller underground ion accelerator.
(Credit: HZDR / Dr. Georg Rugel)

Country of Installation: Germany

Access to be provided: 975 beam time hours

Home page of installation: https://www.hzdr.de/db/Cms?pNid=1029

The Felsenkeller underground accelerator laboratory hosts a 5 MV Pelletron accelerator that can be operated either with an external, sputter ion source, or with an internal, radio-frequency ion source. Typical ion beam currents up to 30 µA are reached for helium and carbon ions, and similar performance is expected for proton and other beams.

The laboratory is located in an underground tunnel shielded by 45 m of rock. The muon flux is 40 times lower than at the surface of the earth, the neutron flux is 180 times lower than overground, and a combination of active and passive veto results in an even larger background suppression in gamma-ray detectors. The laboratory is equipped for low-rate cross section measurements by in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy and by activation. A dedicated activity-measurement bunker includes low-background radioactivity measurement setups ranging from X-rays to gamma rays.

Several solid target setups are available, either cooled by water or by liquid nitrogen. Currently the laboratory hosts 21 in-beam HPGe detectors and three offline HPGe detectors. Within CHETEC-INFRA JRA1 (Astronuclear Lab), a new jet gast target is currently being constructed and will come online in 2022. The ion beam can run around the clock in unattended mode. The irradiation room can be accessed also when the beam is running, under supervision of a trained operator.

The laboratory is sited in the city of Dresden, Germany. Nearest international airports include Dresden (17 km) and Berlin (175 km), both accessible by long-distance train and bus service. There is a range of accommodation options available, and the lab is served by public bus every 15 minutes.

A presentation introducing transnational access to this facility was given at the ChETEC-INFRA Kickoff-Meeting: